Inception of NCC:
The NCC has its genesis in the "university Corps", which was created under the Indian Defence Act, 1917 with the objective to train students for the Army. In 1920, when the Indian Territorial Act was passed, the "University Corps" was replaced by the "University Training Corps" 9UTC). In 1942, a committee was set up under HN Kunzru for establishment of a nation-wide youth organization covering both schools and colleges. Consequently, the "National Cadet Corps" (NCC) came into existence on 15th July 1948 under National Cadet Corps Act (No: XXXI of 1948) enacted by the Parliament. The Girls Division was introduced in 1949. To start with, only army NCC units were there. Air Force and Naval NCC units followed soon in 1950 and 1952 respectively. This voluntary youth organization, which was started with 20,000 cadets, is today probably the largest uniformed youth organization in the world with 13 lakh cadets (boys and girls). The NCC Headquarters is located in New Delhi. Control and co-ordination are exercised through 17 State Directorates.
Cardinals of NCC Discipline:
- To develop Character, Comradeship, Discipline, Leadership, Secular Outlook, Spirit of Adventure and the Ideals of Selfless Service amongst the youth of the country.
- To create a human resource of organized, trained and motivated youth, to provide leadership in all walks of life and always available for the service of the nation.
- To provide a suitable environment to motivate the youth to take up a career in the Armed Forces.
Ethics of NCC Cadets:
- Obey with a smile.
- Be punctual.
- Work hard and without fuss.
- Make no excuses and tell no lies.
Enrolment of Cadets:
- Be truthful, upright and obedient.
- Be humane, cultured and compassionate.
- Be respectful to your instructors, parents and fellow cadets.
- Be punctual and well disciplined at all times.
- Be open and transparent in personal conduct.
- Be mentally and physically robust.
- Always protect the weak.
- Be loyal and faithful to the organization you serve.
- Spread the message of national integration.
- Espouse social causes.
The NCC is open to all regular students of Schools and Colleges on a voluntary basis. Boys/Girls studying in VIII and IX standards are admitted in Junior Division/Wing. A cadet must have attained the age of 13 years on the day of enrolment. This organisation from its humble beginning of 32500 senior cadets and 135000 junior cadets has grown to above eleven lakhs cadets with 4.33 lakh senior cadets and 7.3 lakh junior cadets. Presently, NCC coverage is provided to 4560 colleges and 7040 schools. Considering the suggestions from the Vice-Chancellors of the universities, NCC was again made a voluntary organisation in 1968.
- Institutional Training (48 %): Military Training, Parades, Camps and Certificate Examinations "A"/"B"/"C".
- Community Development / Social Service (19%): Blood Donation, Tree Plantation, Eye Donation, Adult Education, Road Cleaning, Traffic Control, Anti-Dowry Pledge, Anti-Leprosy Drive, Anti-Plastic Campaign, AIDS Awareness Campaign, Cancer Awareness Campaign, Fire Fighting, Visit to Cheshire Homes, etc.
- Adventure Training and Sports (21%): Para Sailing / Jumping, Micro Light Flying, Hang Gliding, Slithering, Wind Surfing, Scuba Diving, Ocean Sailing, Canoeing, Kayaking, Water Skiing, Yachting, Cycle/Motor Expedition, Trekking, Mountaineering, Rock Climbing, Riding, etc.
- Youth Exchange Programme (8%): Visit to Russia, Nepal/Bhutan, Singapore, United Kingdom, Bangladesh, Yangon, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Foreign Naval Cruise, Foreign Coast Guard Cruise, etc.
- Career Counseling (4%):
Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain (2)
Apni Manzil Ek Hain
ha ha ha Ek Hain Oh oh oh Ek Hai
Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain ''
Kashmeer Ki Dharthi Rani Hain
Sartaj Himalay Hain
Sadiyon se Hamne Isko Apne
Khoon Se Pala Hain
Desh Ki Raksha Ki Khathir
Hum Shamshir Utha Lenge...(2)
Bikhre Bikhre Taare Hain Hum
Ek Hain ha ha ha Ek Hain Oh oh oh Ek Hain...
Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain
Mandir Gurudwarein Bhi Hai Yahan
Aur Masjid Bhi Hai Yahan
Girija Ka Hain Ghadiyal Kahin
Mullah Ki Kahin Hai Azaan
Ek Hi Apna Ram Hain
Ek Hi Allah Tala Hain... (2)
Rang Birange Deepak Hain Hum
Ek Hain ha ha ha Ek Hain Oh oh oh Ek Hain...
Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain (4)
Worlds Largest Youth Organisation
The National Cadet Corps (NCC) is the world's largest uniformed youth organisation that imparts military training to over 1 million school and college students. The NCC is emerging as a major source of recruitment of officers for the armed forces. In fact, 25 per cent of cadets currently training to be officers at the Officers Training Academy, the IMA and the NDA are from the NCC. And the figure is even higher for women cadets.
Youth Exchange Programmes
Youth Exchange Programmes between NCC of India and youth organisations of other countries are undertaken yearly. The Exchange Programme includes mutual visits up to 24 days in which cadets undertake billeting families, community work projects, educational activities etc. These projects develop mutual respect, adaptability, self-discipline, cross cultural learning and above all, love for one's country. India has Youth Exchange Programme with Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Canada, Maldives, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom and Vietnam. These programmes give the youth of our nation an enhanced understanding of the international environment and help them to become effective leaders in the future.
At the Headquarters level, this organisation is headed by an officer of the rank of Lieutenant General. He is the Director General of the NCC. Two other officers of the rank of Major General, five Brigadier level officers and other civil officials assist him. The Headquarters is located in Delhi. There are 16 Directorates located in the state capitals headed by an officer of the rank of a Brigadier from the three Services. Depending upon the size of the state and growth of NCC in the states, Directorates have up to 14 Group Headquarters under them through which they exercise their command and control of the organisation in the state. There are two training establishments namely Officers Training School, Kamptee and Women Officers Training School, Gwalior. These two institutions train the school and college teachers selected to head the company/troop. Courses in these institutions range from 21 days to 90 days in duration.
NCC is a youth organisation, open to students of academic institutions. The NCC has undergone many changes i.e. from a purely military oriented organisation it has changed to a true youth development organisation spread over in all States of the Country in the true spirit of its motto unity and discipline. Today, the NCC offers a wide spectrum of activities classified into five main areas. Institutional training is paramount amongst these and it includes conduct of Annual Training Camps. Flying, Sea Training and familiarisation training with various Services institutes like Indian Military Academy at Dehradun and Officers Training School at Chennai. Community Development is another area in which cadets have set an example by involving in various activities viz. adult literacy, anti-drug, anti-leprosy campaigns, planting of trees to conserve ecology etc.
Of late, the scope of adventure and sports activity has been enlarged bringing in its ambit events like para-sailing, scuba-diving, car and motorcycle rallies and expeditions designed to explore the national heritage of India, beside the conventional activities like mountaineering.